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She is a Celtic Goddess. “Epos” in Celtic means horse and “Ona” means on. As so, she is the patron Goddess of mares & fouls. Epona had an important place in the Gallic religion due to the horse being very important in the Gauls lives. She is usually close to Rhiannon appearing in the Mabinogi of Pwyll. In this she is depicted on horseback traveling swiftly. The similarities of Rhiannon & Epona is that they both rode horses & were both companions of the dead. (1) She is the protectress of horses, mules as well as cavalry. She was adopted by the Roman Empire, making her the first non Roman Diety that they worshiped. She is often shown riding a horse which resonated with the Roman cavalry. Through dark battles, they called on her for guidance & inspiration. She was one of their most worshiped Goddess.

Epona also has been seen as a Goddess of fertility, prosperity in an equestrian home & on the battle field. She was prevalent throughout the tribes of the Celts.(2) She was also known as the great mare and is known mainly as a horse Goddess associated with the Gauls. Any legends the Gaulish Celts may have had, have been lost to us. British Celts legends were written down but the Gaulish Celts left inscriptions and monuments which is where most of the evidence of Epona came from. One tale of her origin did survive, Agesilaos, a late Greek writer, wrote that Epona was born of a mare and man. The man, Phoulonios Stellos, rejected woman and chose to mate with a mare. The mare, then gave birth to a daughter who was lively and beautiful. She named her Epona. She then became the Goddess of Horses. There is some evidence that she may be linked with the idea of sovereignty as well as being linked with the land and fertility.(3)

The importance of horses in Celtic culture may have contributed to her cult, which spread from Gaul to Germany and then eventually to Rome. The Celtic kings, often thought that Epona bestowed on the king, his authority to rule during ritual. She was later found throughout the stables not only protecting the horses but also those whom worked with them. Large amounts of depictions of her have been found all over Europe and the British Isles; especially in Gaul and Rhineland. She is usually represented as a woman riding side-saddled on a white horse, which was the symbol of purity. (4)


Area of Influence: Horses, protection, fertility, motherhood
Attributes: Horse Goddess, great mare, protector & fertility
Animals: Horses, dogs, birds
Culture: Celtic/Gaulish
Crystals/Gemstones: Pumice, sard, cat’s eye, ruby, azurite, obsidian, moonstone
Colors: White, black, brown
Chakra: Heart, sacral
Day: Tuesday, Thursday
Element: Air, fire
Food: Grain, apple, carrots & nuts
Holy Day: December 18th
Herbs & flowers: Geranium, hazel, mandrake, mistletoe, mustard
Magickal Workings: Dream work, fertility, war, banishing nightmares in children,
sex magick, divination
Planet: Mars, mercury
Sabbat: Autumnal Equinox
Symbol: Cornucopia, keys, horse, cauldron
Special Offerings: Flowers, grain, statues & images of horses
Scents & Incense: Rose, sandalwood
Trees: Apple, oak, pine
Time of Day: Sunrise
Tarot: Queen of Wands
Zodiac: Leo

These below are pages from my personal Book of Shadows. There is an available download so that you too, may use these pages for your personal Books of Shadows. Blessed Be!

Works Cited-Research:

  1. Epona. (2019). Retrieved 21 November 2019, from
  2. The Celtic Goddess Epona that Rode Swiftly Across the Ancient Roman Empire. (2019). Retrieved 21
    November 2019, from
  3. Epona. (2019). Retrieved 21 November 2019, from
  4. L.F.Mercer, l. (2019). Epona – Goddess of Horses in Celtic Mythology. Retrieved 21 November 2019,

Works Cited-Chart:

  1. Goddess Epona. (2019). Retrieved 21 November 2019, from
  2. Celtic Myth & Magick. (2019). Retrieved 21 November 2019, from
  3. Akhana, V. (2019). Epona Correspondences. Retrieved 21 November 2019, from

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